|Posted by STRATOS ALEXIOU on June 17, 2014 at 3:55 AM|
The collection of the most fascinating
European folk tales and legends
I. The Jokers
II. Once upon a time in Dalmatia
III. The Twelve Labors of Hercules
IV. The Legend of Etna
V. Gediminas' Dream-the legend
of the founding of Vilnius
VI. The Legend of the Hungarian
Prince and the Deer
VII. The Legend of Bitter Pit
VIII. Turkish Legend of Maiden’s
IX. The Legend of Robin Hood
admire it. They said the house had a shape of the oak
chest that was guarded by the Black Ram. Some
complained because such luck didn't fall upon them, while
others were touched because the Child and the Woman
found each other.
No one could pass the hedge made of twelve times twelve
rose bushes without the Child's invitation.
In front of the house laid Tornjak, the shepherd Dog. His
loyalty was rewarded with the Child's goodness and the
At least, that is what was told. And maybe known and
unknown storytellers would stress the virtues in Dalmatian
stories simply because they wanted people to mind
ONCE UPON A TIME IN
Andrijana Šarolić, 6.c
People in Dalmatia have a special connection
to the past. Our origins in this region reach
as far as the end of the last glacial period.
The oldest oral traditions deal with common
people and capture the true essence of the
natives. The fact that they survive shows
disregard for whom ever thinks has the claim
over the region. There can be no claim over
the way of life.
ONCE UPON A TIME IN DALMATIA
Once upon a time, in Dalmatian hinterland, an infant
became an orphan.
The father and mother succumbed to fever. The Child was
now alone. It was too small to carry the memory of his
parents. His Uncle, with the wife and five children, moved
into their house to look after the child.
She sighed, then laughed from the heart. Suddenly, a rattle
from the chest was heard, sounding much like the echo of
her laughter. The chest was filled with shiny coins and it
suddenly became heavy. It rolled out of her hands and the
coins spilled everywhere! A house of white stone emerged
from where the chest rolled to. The house was surrounded
by a yard with a flower garden. In the yard there was a well
and a wooden dog house. Twelve times twelve bushes of
red roses surrounded the house. The Woman and Child
looked at each other in wonder. The Dog was hopping as if
he understood what was happening. A dark cloud
appeared. The Black Ram's voice sounded from it:
- Child, this is your home. You've suffered enough. Live
happily with this Woman, she deserves to be happy, too.
Twelve times twelve bushes of red roses will protect you
from evil. This Dog deserves peace, too. He was the only
one faithful to the Child.
As this was said, the cloud disappeared.
The Dog entered his dog house happily and laid down.
The Woman held the child in her arms as they walked into
their new house that was now full of everything they would
The villagers heard about the new house and came to
The Child was crying. He was afraid for the Dog and called
- Nooo! Come back! I don't need the treasure, I need you!
As soon as the Child spoke, the enchanted Ram
disappeared, the Dog got back to the Child who hugged
him. The Uncle and a few other villagers who were hidden
in the bushes ran to the oak chest. They opened it, but it
was empty! That shiny coin, as it turned out, was only a
bait to test the human greed.
They threw away the empty chest and went back to their
lives, caring neither about the Dog nor the Child, who
remained beside the stream.
The Child took the oak chest and climbed onto his faithful
friend's back. Together they went back to the village.
This time they took another path. They found a cottage
where a young Woman lived. Ten years ago she ran away
from the village, humiliated and despised because she
gave birth to a child, unmarried. She lived happily with her
Daughter until her Daughter got sick and died. The mother
didn't go back to her birthplace. She had sheep, goats and
chickens, which she earned working in other villages.
She saw a Child riding on a big Dog. She was filled with joy,
greeted them kindly and offered them fresh milk and warm
The Child told her everything he knew. He was small, but
understood what happened to him. The Woman took a look
into the chest. She opened and closed it quickly. She
thought it was nothing special.
Another reason was because the house was much better
than his own. Uncle wasn't too keen on hard work, the
woman feisty and cold, their children unloving. The Child
felt he was unwanted and one day he wandered away.
Nobody noticed he was missing.
On the eve of second day the Uncle noticed and raised a
fuss. The rest of the village joined. They started searching
with torches, calling the Child's name.
The Child wandered into the forest and fell asleep. When
he woke up, he saw a shepherd Dog. A Tornjak. The Dog
was banished from the village because some old lady
accused him of killing her sheep. They tried to stone him
for something a wolf did, but he was fast and strong, so he
managed to run away. The Child's parents knew the Dog
while they were alive. The Dog kept the entire village safe
from wolves. They knew the Dog would never hurt the
livestock. The Child’s parents always shared some of their
humble meals with him.
The Dog knew the Child. He approached him right away
and watched over him while he was sleeping. The Child
woke up, but wasn’t afraid of the Dog. He cried silently, he
was hungry. The Dog led the Child to a spring so he can
drink and freshen up.
The people were surprised as they saw the Child riding the
Dog, and they were even more surprised to see a gold coin
in the Child's hands as they reached the village. They
asked the Child to tell them where he got the gold coin, but
he couldn't say. He was too small to explain.
The people scattered through the forest and started to look
for the coins. It was said that highwaymen buried Venetian
treasure in the forest a long time ago. This time no one
wanted to hurt the Dog. They brought him along, but didn't
Winter came, one of the coldest ones that the elders
remembered. The treasure was forgotten. Until springtime.
When it got warmer, the Uncle resumed the treasure hunt
with the villagers. They brought the Dog along. At twilight,
near the stream, they saw a Black Ram lying beside an oak
chest. A spell was cast upon this Ram and he was not
afraid of a hunter's gun. He didn't let anyone go near. He
receded somewhat before the Dog.
It was nightfall so they had to go back. Long into the night,
they talked about the wonder near the stream. The Black
Ram sat beside the treasure, so that nobody could get to it.
The elders heard from their elders that no one can defeat
the Black Ram.
The villagers agreed to give up on the search, but at dawn
each would go to the stream, hoping that they would kill
the Ram or find a way to trick it.
They couldn’t possibly know that the treasure was not
meant for the greedy. Unfortunately, there was no such
person amongst the villagers. The Uncle was exceptionally
greedy. He didn't care about the Child. The Child was
always close to the Dog and the Dog was always close to
the Child. And days went by. The Dog was protecting the
Child from the aunt's fury and her children's malice.
The Uncle went to the stream with the Dog and the Child.
He tried to turn the Dog against the Ram. It was in vain.
Suddenly, the Ram spoke:
- Your efforts are futile, you no-good man! The treasure is
for the Child, for he has no one. No one, except the Dog, to
take care of him. Come and get it if you dare, you mutt!
And you scoundrel, get lost before I gore you with my
THE LEGEND OF ETNA
Author: Leonardo Spada
Class 2^ A
Istituto Comprensivo G.Lombardo Radice
This is the legend of Etna, the most important Italian volcano
which is located in Sicily.
One day, in very ancient times, Enceladus, the oldest of the giants
decided to go up in the sky to remove the power to Jupiter and
command instead of him.
His brothers tried to help him putting all the highest mountains
one on another but it was a very difficult challenge. They had
nearly achieved the aim, when Jupiter threw a lightning against
them and the mountains.
Enceladus was buried under the Etna mountain and started to
throw smoke and fire out of it.
After some time, he stopped but he is still under the volcano and
occasionally it explodes and smokes.
Siracusa, the place where we live, is not far away from the
volcano: it often happens that we see Etna smoking, and our
thoughts go out to the angry Enceladus.
Erika Senkutė, age 14
Kaunas Palemonas Secondary
The legend of the founding of
A legend is a semi-true story, which has been
passed on orally from person-to –person.
A legend has important meaning for the culture in
which it originates. A legend usually includes some
elements of truth or is based on historic facts, but
with unbelievable characteristics. Legends usually
involve heroic characters or fantastic locations.
They may also include spiritual believes of the
culture in which they are created.
The period of Lithuanian mythology started in the
15th century. The myths are usually about the
founding of the state of Lithuania. Perhaps two the
best known stories are those of the dream of the
Grand Duke Gediminas and the founding of
Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, and of Šventaragis,
which also is about the history of Vilnius.
According to the legend,
Grand Duke Gediminas was
hunting in the sacred forest
near the Valley of Šventaragis,
near where Vilnia River
flows into the Neris River.
Tired after the successful
hunt, the Grand Duke settled
in for the night. He fell asleep
and dreamed of a huge Iron Wolf standing on top a
hill and howling as strong and loud as a hundred
of wolves. In the morning the Duke
asked krivis (pagan priest) Lizdeika
to interpret the dream. And the
priest told him: "What is destined
for the ruler and the State of Lithuania,
is thus: the Iron Wolf represents
a castle and a city which will be established
by you on this site. This
city will be the capital of the Lithuanian lands and
the dwelling of their rulers, and the glory of their
deeds will echo throughout the world." Gediminas
obeyed the will of gods, built the city and named it Vilnius
– from the stream of the Vilnia River.
Author: Zuzanna Sikora
Primary School in Stara Słupia
The Świętokrzyska Land is famous for its interesting
legends and stories. One of them is called ‘The Legend of the
Hungarian Prince and the Deer’. According to the legend, St.
Emeric, the son of king Stephen I of Hungary, offered the relics
of wood from the Christ’s Cross as a thanksgiving votive for
finding way while hunting in the woods.
‘The Legend of the Hungarian Prince
and the Deer’
Emeryk was a Hungarian prince. Our King Bolesław Chrobry
invited him to Poland. Before the trip Emeryk’s father gave him the
golden relics of Saint Cross. After a long tiring trip, Emeryk came to
Kielce to one of the King’s mentions. He met there Bolesław Chrobry,
who organized the hunting. Emeryk with some knights went to the
highest mountains in the Świętokrzyskie region.
Suddenly, he saw a very large deer in the forest and
immediately ran after him. The animal tried to escape, but it could
not hide away. The Prince Emeryk didn’t give up and still chase the
animal. Then, he saw the deer trapped in the bushes. Its antlers
were entangled in the branches. The animal became too weak to
escape the Prince.
He was very happy to see the animal not able to ran away. He
looked at it closely and admired its beauty. He took out his arrow and
a bow and aimed at the deer. Suddenly, the deer looked at him and
Emeryk was surprised to see the shiny bright cross on his antlers.
Unexpectedly, the light blinded him for a moment. When he could
finally see, the animal managed to escape. The Prince called for help
because he realized he got lost. There was no answer, the hunters
could not hear him, the only thing he heard was just the echo in the
forest. It was getting darker and darker. Emeryk was exhausted and
hungry and he wanted to take some rest. Suddenly, became brighter
in the forest and the Prince saw the angel in front of him. Emeryk
was frightened and surprised to see the angel and crossed himself.
The angel told him not to be afraid and promised to take him to
the people, but he must leave there the worthiest thing he had with
him. The angel guided him to the wooden monastery on the Holy
Cross Mountain. The monks gave him some food and drink. The Prince
remembered about the promise and decided to leave there the very
special thing his father gave him before the trip. They were the
golden relics of saint cross.
After a few days he went to this monastery once again this
time with the Cracow bishop Lambert whom he gave this precious
gift. The pilgrimage of local people and monks came to the Holy Cross
Mountain’s larch church founded by Dabrówka where the bishop gave
the relics to the oldest monk. Bolesław Chrobry was very satisfied
with the gift his nephew left there and built there the church made
He brought to this place twelve Benedictine monks from Monte
Cassino and offered them the nearest villages. The relics are in this
church to the present day. The place where the church was built was
called the Holy Cross Mountain (Góra Świętego Krzyża) and the
region the Świętokrzyskie.
Check yourself and do the quiz about the legend!!!
1. What was the name of the Hungarian prince who came to
the Świętkorzyskie region?
a) Emerald b) Emeryk C) Bolesław
2. What did the Hungarian prince bring to Poland?
a) the golden relics of saint cross b) the golden statue of
Emeryk c) the wooden cross
3. What animal did the prince see in the forest:
a) a wolf b) a deer c) a wild boar
Stara Słupia, the place where we live, is just at the foot of the
Łysiec Mountain called also the Holy Cross Mountain. It’s one of the
highest peaks in the Świętokrzyskie Mountains at 595 meters.
COMENIUS PROJECT: LET´S MEET WHERE OUR CULTURES MEET”
C.E.I.P. TOMAS ROMOJARO, FUENSALIDA, TOLEDO ( SPAIN)
WRITTEN BY: INES, VICTOR, SARA AND PABLO. CLASS: 5TH GRAGE A. AGE: 10
MAİ DEN'S TOWER
One day, an oracle prophesied that she
would be killed by a venomous snake on
her 18th birthday. The sultan, in an effort
to thwart his daughter's early demise by
placing her away from land so as to keep
her away from any snakes, had the tower
built in the middle of the Bosphorus to
protect his daughter until her 18th
birthday. The princess was placed in the
tower, where she was frequently visited
only by her father. On the 18th birthday of
the princess, the sultan brought her a
basket of exotic sumptuous fruits as a
birthday gift, delighted that he was able to
prevent the prophecy. Upon reaching into
the basket, however, an asp that had been
hiding among the fruit bit the young
princess and she died in her father's arms,
just as the oracle had predicted. Hence the
name Maiden's Tower
FERHAT AND Ş İ Rİ N
According to the legend Ferhat was a
famous craftsman who lived during the
Persian time in Amasya. One day he was
called to a small palace built for Sirin,
Queen Mehmene Banu’s sister, to show his
art on its doors and walls. But something
unpredictable happened when Ferhat and
Sirin saw each other. They fell in love.
Ferhat went to Queen Mehmene Banu and
told her that he wanted so marry Sirin. The
Queen didn’t want this marriage and told
Ferhat, "If you want to marry my sister
Sirin, you must dig a huge channel right in
the middle of the Elma (Apple) mountains
of the city. Then, you must make the water
come through this channel to the city. If
you succeed, you may marry my sister. If
you fail, forget her." It was a 'mission
With the power of love, Ferhat started to
dig the mountain. But when he was just
about to finish the channel, he received a
message from Mehmene Banu: Sirin is
dead. With great anger Ferhat threw his
hammer in the air but the hammer fell on
his head and he died on the mountain he
was digging. However, the message was a
lie and after having heard about it Sirin
went to the mountain and there she saw
Ferhat’s dead body. She jumped from the
rocks of the mountain and killed herself.
Ferhat and Sirin couldn’t be together while
they were alive but now their graves are
next to each other. People believe that
every spring there are two roses growing
from each grave and while the roses are
about to touch each other, a black bush
appears in the middle of them and doesn’t
allow the roses to kiss each other.
The story begins when Cansab the wood
cutter is lowered into a well by a group of
friends to get honey. Thus, he finds
himself in Ş ahmaran’s underground world
where he is destined to stay due to his
friends abandoning him. Snakes capture
him and he appears before Şahmaran
himself. Cansab explained how he came to
be there upon which Şahmaran shares a
secret with the young man.
Cansab is then forced to stay for fear that
the secret would be told to those living
above. After very long period of time
Şahmaran gives in to the pleadings of the
young man to released back to his own
world. He is advised not to tell of what he
has seen or to go to the baths. It was said
that if he should enter the baths his skin
would turn to snake scales.
Cansab returns to his own world and for
many years tells no one of the events that
took place. However the countries ruler
become ill and Şahmaran is blamed for
the illness. Soldiers begin to look for
anyone who has seen Şahmaran. The
rulers men begin to take people one by
one to the baths where they are to wash
themselves in order to see who knows
more than what they are telling.
Cansab hides for
fear of this test
returned to the
city. When he
washes in the
baths, his skin
turns to snakes
scales and the
secret is thus
brought to light.
The man is then persuaded to reveal how
to get to Ş ahmaran’s hiding place. The
king of snakes is captured very quickly,
taken to the baths, cut into three pieces
and sent to the ruler. Upon beign cured
the ruler makes Cansab grand vizier and
as result all the snakes of the world
became the mortal enemies of mankind.
LIFELONG LEARNING PROGRAMME
COMENIUS MULTILATERAL PROJECT 2012-2014
"LET'S MEET WHERE OUR CULTURES
Partner schools and their team leaders:
BULGARIA: Yuliya Georgieva (Osnovno Uchilishte "Sveti Kliment Ochridski“,
CROATIA: Maja Jerčić - project coordinator (Osnovna škola Spinut, Split)
GREECE: Efstratios Alexiou (11th Special Education Primary School of East
ITALY: Anna Manzella (Istituto Comprensivo “G. Lombardo Radice", Siracusa)
LITHUANIA: Janina Adomaitiene (Palemono Vidurinė Mokykla, Kaunas)
POLAND: Anna Sepiolo (Publiczna Szkoła Podstawowa w Starej Słupi, Nowa Słupia)
SPAIN: Natacha Diaz Hernandez (C.E.I.P. Tomas Romojaro, Fuensalida)
TURKEY: Salih Catal (Gulbirlik Ilkogretim Okulu, Isparta)
UNITED KINGDOM: Elaine Johnson (Mere Green Combined School, Birmingham)
Visit the project's website:
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Categories: Final Products